Heart diseases are the various conditions which affect the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system. These diseases attack both the blood vessels and the heart. Most of these diseases are associated with poor lifestyle and other diseases such as high blood pressure. This article is going to highlight some of the common cardiovascular diseases. These diseases can be very fatal is they are not controlled.
Ischemic heart disease
These are the heart ailments which are caused by constriction of your coronary arteries. The narrowing of the arteries is known for decreasing the flow of blood to the heart.
This is a disease which affects the blood vessel found in the brain. They are mainly caused by lack of enough blood supply to the brain. They result mainly from a stroke or a cerebrovascular accident.
Rheumatic heart disease
This is an illness that is caused by frequent attacks of the rheumatic fever. They contribute to damage of the heart and the various valves which are located in the heart. Rheumatic fever is common in young children. This fewer can develop into a more serious infection known as streptococcal infection which affects the functioning of the heart. This infection can lead to scarring of valves thereby weakening the various muscles of the heart. Besides, it can damage the sac which encloses the heart. The scarred valves do not close and open normally.
Inflammatory heart disease
This is caused by inflammation of the heart muscle and the sac membrane which surrounds your heart, and it’s lining. Infections and toxic agents mainly cause inflammation of the heart.
Hypertensive heart disease
This disease is caused by secondary hypertension, secondary hypertension and certain types of infections or disease which also affect the kidneys. Hypertension (high blood pressure) can overburden the blood vessels and the heart and thus lead to hypertensive heart disease.
Vascular heart disease
The vascular disease is caused by various health conditions such as narrowing of the blood vessels, prolapse (failure of the valves to close properly), and leak (insufficiency or regurgitation of the valves). Other conditions which might lead to damage of the valves include rheumatic fever, certain medications, radiation treatments, and connective tissue disorders.
This occurs when the heart is unable to supply any more blood. It is a condition which required to be addressed immediately as soon as it occurs. Heart attacks can be fatal if proper treatment is not provided. A heart attack is manifested by symptoms such as severe chest pain, shortness of breath, feeling faint and sweating.